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What are the different types of human trafficking?

What are the different types of human trafficking? Human trafficking, also known as modern-day slavery, encompasses a wide range of illicit and unjust practices. However, it is important to understand the distinction between human trafficking and sex trafficking. Continue reading to learn more about the various forms of human trafficking and the definitions of key terms related to this issue.

Human trafficking is a criminal act that involves coercing or forcing individuals into labor or commercial sex activities. According to the United Nations, human trafficking is defined as the recruitment, transportation, transfer, harboring, or receipt of people through force, fraud, or deception. All this with the intention of exploiting them for financial gain.

There are two primary categories of human trafficking: sex trafficking and labor trafficking.

Sex trafficking is a specific type of human trafficking that has garnered significant public attention in the United States. Polaris defines sex trafficking as “the act of using force, fraud, or coercion to compel another individual into selling sex.”

In cases where the victim is under 18 years of age, any form of commercial sex is considered human trafficking. This is regardless of whether force, fraud, or coercion was employed. It is important to dispel the misconception that trafficking is always perpetrated by strangers. In reality, victims are often trafficked by individuals they know, such as family members or romantic partners.

Individuals trafficked for sexual exploitation are coerced into working in escort services, pornography, illegal massage parlors, brothels, or engaging in solicitation. Sex trafficking can also involve online exploitation and forced marriages.

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