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The Need for Global Cooperation to Combat Human Trafficking

The Need for Global Cooperation to Combat Human Trafficking. Human trafficking remains a pervasive global issue, with victims often subjected to exploitation and abuse in various regions, including the Middle East, Asia and Africa.

While efforts to address trafficking have gained momentum at some point a few years back, the last few years have shown a decrease in interest when it comes to efforts of combating human trafficking. Recent initiatives in Bangladesh underscore the importance of mutual legal assistance in criminal matters (MLA) as a vital tool in combating transnational trafficking networks.

Insights from Bangladesh

In Bangladesh, the majority of Trafficking in Persons (TIP) cases are transnational in nature, with victims often trafficked into countries such as the United Arab Emirates (UAE) for purposes like domestic work, only to be subjected to abuse and exploitation. Recognizing the need for international collaboration, the Bangladesh government has taken significant steps to strengthen legal and police cooperation with other countries.

A specialized workshop on mutual legal assistance in criminal matters, organized jointly by the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) and Justice & Care, underscores this collaborative approach. The workshop, held in March 2024, aimed to raise awareness and provide guidance on the utilization of mutual legal assistance mechanisms in transnational trafficking cases.

The Need for Global Cooperation to Combat Human Trafficking

The workshop provided valuable insights into the legal foundations and practical applications of mutual legal assistance. Discussions centered on the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime (UNTOC) as a legal basis for cooperation, operationalizing central authorities, and the importance of utilizing mutual legal assistance mechanisms in conducting transnational investigations.

Presentations by experts from UNODC and Justice & Care highlighted the implementation guideline on mutual legal assistance and emphasized its relevance in addressing trafficking in persons and smuggling of migrants.

As such efforts continue to evolve in some parts of the world, more such initiatives should be employed to eradicate trafficking regardless of their nationality or location.

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